The global community is facing a considerable challenge to eliminate tuberculosis (TB). Although the global TB incidence rate has been falling in the latest decade, without substantial improvement to detect and treat TB, the decline rate is not fast enough to reach the 2025 milestone of a 50% TB incidence and 75% TB mortality reduction compared with those figures in 2015. Among big problems are many people with TB disease experience substantial delays in accessing and receiving appropriate care or are undiagnosed. It is a worrying situation that, besides onward transmission in the community, leads to unnecessary disability, life loss, and—at a monetary perspective—loss of economic growth.
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